Diane Arbus, whose original name was Diane Nemerov, was born on 14 March 1923. She died on 26 July 1971. Diane was an American photographer who was best known for her compelling, frequently disturbing, portraits of individuals from the edges of society.
Her Early Life
Diane Nemerov’s parents were Gertrude Russek and David Nemerov who were proprietors of a department store. Poet and critic Howard Nemerov was her brother. At the age of 18, Diane wed Allan Arbus (who she divorced in 1969) who was an employee at her family’s store.
Before they separated, the couple worked collaboratively, first taking photographs and then creating advertisements for the store, then designing commercial fashion photography for Harper’s Bazaar, Show, Esquire, Glamour, The New York Times as well as Vogue.
Her Early Period
In 1941, David Nemerov appointed Allan and Diane so they could photograph models for Russek’s newspaper advertisements. Diane took well to designing and styling the fashion models, while Allan photographed the models and then perfected the photos in the dark room.
Shortly after this, they started publishing with major fashion publications, for example Vogue, Glamour, and Harper’s Bazaar. This put the Arbus’ among the likes of other well-known names in fashion photography such as Richard Avedon and Irving Penn as well.
As fashion photographers, the couple was always looking for new assignments, creating ideas for magazines, and travelling. Diane dreamed of photograph on her own terms and not just to work as a glorified stylist. In addition, the fact that her ideas dictated many of the photographs which made the magazine spreads gave her the courage to move away from fashion to discover a new purpose.
After she gave birth to their second daughter Amy in 1954, in 1956. Diane began studying with American photographer Lisette Model. Emerging as a loyal and inspired photographer, she started the new chapter in her life that also meant ending her involvement with the couple’s photography firm.
For the first time, Diane started numbering her negatives, which is a method that she continued for the rest of her career. Most importantly, she began recording appointments, meetings, and ideas for prospective projects together with quotations, bits of conversations, and books which appealed to her.
In 1963 and 1966, long before you could play pokies for real money in Australia online, Arbus was awarded Guggenheim fellowships so that she could be part of a project entitled “American Rites, Manners, and Customs”. During this period of time she mastered her technique of utilising a square format that emphasises the subject far more than the photograph’s composition. In addition, Diane used flash lighting, which gave her work a sense of theatricality as well as surrealism.
At the time Diane began to explore the subjects that would take up her time for much of her career: people living on the outskirts of society as well as “normalcy,” such as nudists, transvestites, dwarfs, as well as the mentally or physically handicapped.
Diane’s own evident intimacy with the unusual subjects of her photos developed in images that engage the sympathy and collusion of the viewer as well as 0strong response.